Urban habitats face many challenges with its environment, infrastructure, and

social systems. Urban forests play an important role in urban ecology but continue to face many

threats directly and indirectly. Climate change, insects, disease, and urbanization have been

found to be the major causes for the decline in urban forests. Tree canopies play a major role in

urban forestry and ecosystem services providing the advantages of a natural, cost effective

system of green infrastructure, air, and water pollutant removal, regulate energy use, and

improve water quality. Please read more in the  PDF bellow.