Urban habitats face many challenges with its environment, infrastructure, and
social systems. Urban forests play an important role in urban ecology but continue to face many
threats directly and indirectly. Climate change, insects, disease, and urbanization have been
found to be the major causes for the decline in urban forests. Tree canopies play a major role in
urban forestry and ecosystem services providing the advantages of a natural, cost effective
system of green infrastructure, air, and water pollutant removal, regulate energy use, and
improve water quality. Please read more in the PDF bellow.